Medical Center

Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

Personal tools

Home > Global Initiative for Healthcare Worker Safety > More links > trainingeducationalresources > occupationaltransmissionscasereports.html


Occupational transmission of bloodborne pathogens: case reports

Links to full articles or abstracts are provided where available. NOTE: The case reports in these articles may be redundant (cases of occupational transmission may be reported in more than one publication).


Worldwide cases:

Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections and collaborators (U.K.). Occupational transmission of HIV: summary of published reports. March 2005 edition. Table 3. Available at: http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/HPAwebFile/HPAweb_C/1194947320156 .
- Discussion of report published in:
Tomkins S, Ncube F. Occupationally acquired HIV: international reports to December 2002. Euro Surveill 2005;10(10):pii=2660. Available on-line.

Ippolito G, Puro V, Heptonstall J, et al. Occupational human immunodeficiency virus infection in health care workers: Worldwide cases through September 1997. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 1999;28:365-383. Abstract available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10064256 .

Other reports: 

Rapparini C. Occupational HIV infection among health care workers exposed to blood and body fluids in Brazil. Am J Infect Control 2006:34:237-40. Abstract available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17178428 .

[more coming]


Arai Y, Noda K, Enomoto N, et al. A prospective study of hepatitis C virus infection after needlestick accidents. Liver 1996;16:331-334. [Japan; 3 cases]  

Campbell SR, Srivastava P, Williams I, Alter M., Cardo D, NaSH Surveillance Group. Hepatitis C virus infection after occupational exposure [abstract]. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2000;21(2):107. [U.S.; 5 cases]

Garces JM, Yazbeck H, Pi-Sunyer T, Gutierrez-Cebollada J, Lopez-Colomes JL. Simultaneous human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C infection following a needlestick injury. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 1996;15(1):92-94. [Spain; 1 case]  

Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, National Public Health Service for Wales, CDSC Northern Ireland and Health Protection Scotland. Eye of the needle. Surveillance of significant occupational exposure to bloodborne viruses in healthcare workers. Appendix 3: Seroconversion in healthcare workers exposed to HCV positive source patients. November 2006. [U.K.; 9 cases as of 2004]
Available on-line at:

Kidouchi K, Aoki M, Oka S, Purnell M, Kimura K.  Surveillance of Blood and Body Fluid Exposures in Japan: International Comparisons.  4th International Conference on Occupational Health for Health Care Workers. September 30, 1999, Montréal. [Japan; 15 cases] 

Lanphear BP, Linnemann CC, Jr., Cannon CG, DeRonde MM, Pendy L, Kerley LM. Hepatitis C virus infection in healthcare workers: risk of exposure and infection. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1994; 15(12):745-750. [U.S.; 3 cases]

Mitsui T, Iwano K, Masuko K, Yamazaki C, Okamoto H, Tsuda F et al. Hepatitis C virus infection in medical personnel after needlestick accident. Hepatology 1992; 16(5):1109-1114. [Japan; 7 infections]

Monge V, Insalud (Grupo Español de Registro de Accidentes Biológicos en Trabajadores de Atención de Salud). Accidentes Biologicos en Profesionales Sanitarios. Madrid, Spain: 1995. [Spain; 2 infections]

Petrosillo N, Puro V, De Carli G, Ippolito G. Occupational exposure in healthcare workers: an Italian study of occupational risk of HIV and other blood-borne viral infections. British Journal of Infection Control 2001; 2(2):15-17. [Italy; 19 cases]

Puro V, Petrosillo N, Ippolito G, Aloisi MS, Boumis E, Ravà L. Occupational hepatitis C virus infection in Italian health care workers. Italian Study Group on Occupational Risk of Bloodborne Infections. Am J Public Health 1995;85(9):1272-5. [Italy; 1 documented, 3 possible cases]
Available at:

Puro V, Petrosillo N, Ippolito G. Risk of hepatitis C seroconversion after occupational exposures in health care workers. Italian Study Group on Occupational Risk of HIV and Other Bloodborne Infections. Am J Infect Control 1995;23:273-7. [Italy; 4 infections]  

Ridzon R, Gallagher K, Ciesielski C, Ginsberg MB, Robertson BJ, Luo CC et al. Simultaneous transmission of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus from a needle-stick injury. N Engl J Med 1997;336(13):919-22.  [U.S.; 1 case]

Serra C, Torres M, Campins M. Riesgo laboral de infeccion por el virus de la hepatitis C despues de una exposicion accidental.  Medicina Clinica 1998;111:645-9. [Spain; 3 cases]

Sodeyama T, Kiyosawa K, Urushihara A, Matsumoto A, Tanaka E, Furuta S et al. Detection of hepatitis C virus markers and hepatitis C virus genomic- RNA after needlestick accidents. Arch Intern Med 1993;153(13):1565-72. [Japan; 2 cases]

Struve J, Aronsson B, Frenning B, Forsgren M, Weiland O. Prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis C virus infection among health care workers in Stockholm. Scand J Gastroenterol 1994;29(4):360-2. [Sweden; 5 possible cases]

Takagi H, Uehara M, Kakizaki S, et al. Accidental transmission of HCV and treatment with interferon. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1998;13:238-43. [Japan; 4 cases]

Yazdanpanah Y, De Carli G, Migueres B, Lot F, Campins M, Colombo C, et al. Risk factors for hepatitis C virus transmission to health care workers after occupational exposure: a European case-control study. Clin Infect Dis 2005;41(10):1423-30. [5 European countries; 60 healthcare workers with occupationally acquired HCV were studied] Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16231252 .



Note to Visitors

As of January 2013, this website is no longer being
actively updated. It will continue to be accessible 
as a UVA site for its research and historical value.

The information and documents available on the site continue to be relevant for researchers in the area of sharps safety and protection of healthcare workers from bloodborne pathogen exposures.

EPINet Data for 2010 and 2011

Available here. 

Consensus Statement and Call to Action on Sharps Safety Released March 2012