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About the Staff


Janine Jagger, Director 


Janine Jagger, M.P.H., Ph.D., is Professor of Medicine at the University of Virginia School of Medicine. She is founder and director of U.Va.'s International Healthcare Worker Safety Center. Dr. Jagger received her master of public health degree from the University of Pittsburgh, and her Ph.D. from the University of Virginia. Early in her career, her research focused on brain trauma and motor vehicle safety. Over the last 20 years, Dr. Jagger has focused on reducing healthcare workers' risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens. In 1988, she and her colleagues published a landmark study in the New England Journal of Medicine identifying device design as the cause of needlestick injuries and laying out design criteria for reducing risk to users. In 1991, Dr. Jagger developed the EPINet (Exposure Prevention Information Network) surveillance system for healthcare facilities to standardize the tracking of needlestick injuries and blood exposures. EPINet is now used in dozens of countries worldwide. In 1994, Dr. Jagger founded the International Healthcare Worker Safety Center to propagate the findings from the EPINet research network and to accelerate the transition to safety-engineered needle technology. She was awarded a MacArthur fellowship in 2002 in recognition of this groundbreaking work. Dr. Jagger and her colleagues are the inventors of six patented safety needle devices.

Click here for PDF of Janine Jagger's bio.

Jane Perry, Associate Director


Jane Perry, M.A., oversees publications and communications for the Center. She served as editor of the Center's journal, Advances in Exposure Prevention, from 1994 to 2005. She has lectured extensively on topics related to needle safety in the U.S., Canada, and other countries. In addition to AEP, she has written for numerous journals and published regular columns on exposure prevention for Nursing and Outpatient Surgery Magazine. She co-authored, with Janine Jagger and colleagues, an article in the New England Journal of Medicine on "Risks to Health-Care Workers in Developing Countries," and a chapter on "Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens: Epidemiology and Prevention" for the 4th edition of Prevention and Control of Nosocomial Infections, edited by Dr. Richard Wenzel. She has also served as an expert witness for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

Ms. Perry received her B.A. from Scripps College and M.A. from the University of Ottawa.

Click here for PDF of Jane Perry's bio.

Ginger Parker, EPINet Program Coordinator


Ginger Parker has managed the Center's EPINet program since 2000. She re-designed and enhanced EPINet, a surveillance system that tracks sharps injuries and blood and body fluid exposures to healthcare workers, bringing the original 1992 DOS program into a Microsoft Access application. Ginger also upgraded specialized versions of EPINet for the OR and dialysis centers.

Under Ginger's direction, the international distribution and translation of EPINet has expanded from five countries in three languages to 83 countries in 23 languages. Because healthcare practices and terminology can vary among countries, Ginger works with users abroad to customize EPINet for a specific country's needs, while insuring consistency and compatibility among the many versions and translations. She works closely with frontline users of EPINet, including physicians, nurses, and other medical personnel, as well as representatives from national ministries of health, the World Health Organization, the Centers for Disease Control, and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (part of the CDC).

Ginger's responsibilities include providing technical support and conducting training for EPINet users in the U.S. and abroad, and overseeing the collaborative research database that the Center maintains. Each year she gathers and merges exposure data from participating U.S. hospitals and generates the annual EPINet Needlestick & Sharp-Object Injury report and EPINet Blood and Body Fluid Exposure report, which include the average sharps injury rate and blood and body fluid exposure rate. These data are widely used for benchmarking purposes by healthcare facilities throughout the US.

Ginger collaborated on the development of three survey instruments and the corresponding data analysis programs: Blood Exposures among Healthcare Workers, Blood Exposures among Surgeons, and Blood Exposures Among Anesthesiologists. The first survey has been translated into French and Spanish.

Ginger is the co-author of numerous articles with colleagues at the International Healthcare Worker Safety Center.

Click here for PDF of Ginger Parker's bio.

Elayne K. Phillips, Director of Research 


Dr. Phillips joined the International Healthcare Worker Safety Center in 2003, first as a part-time research consultant and currently as a full-time faculty member. At the Center, areas of special interest include the impact of U.S. legislative and policy mandates on healthcare worker blood exposure risk and needlestick injury rates, for which she received a research grant from NIOSH; occupational exposure risk in African healthcare settings; and the development of low-cost strategies for reducing healthcare worker risk in resource-limited countries.

Dr. Phillips' past research focused on the impact of healthcare legislation on healthcare delivery systems and the health of communities. She was awarded an NIH grant to conduct the first major study examining the shift from U.S. hospital-based to home-based nursing care, and published extensively on this subject.

Dr. Phillips received her B.S.N. from Temple University, and her M.P.H. and Ph.D. from the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health.

Click here for PDF of Elayne Phillips' bio.