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About the Staff  

Janine Jagger, Director 


Janine Jagger, M.P.H., Ph.D., is Professor of Medicine at the University of Virginia School of Medicine. She is founder and director of U.Va.'s International Healthcare Worker Safety Center. Dr. Jagger received her master of public health degree from the University of Pittsburgh, and her Ph.D. from the University of Virginia. Early in her career, her research focused on brain trauma and motor vehicle safety. Over the last 20 years, Dr. Jagger has focused on reducing healthcare workers' risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens. In 1988, she and her colleagues published a landmark study in the New England Journal of Medicine identifying device design as the cause of needlestick injuries and laying out design criteria for reducing risk to users. In 1991, Dr. Jagger developed the EPINet (Exposure Prevention Information Network) surveillance system for healthcare facilities to standardize the tracking of needlestick injuries and blood exposures. EPINet is now used in dozens of countries worldwide. In 1994, Dr. Jagger founded the International Healthcare Worker Safety Center to propagate the findings from the EPINet research network and to accelerate the transition to safety-engineered needle technology. She was awarded a MacArthur fellowship in 2002 in recognition of this groundbreaking work. Dr. Jagger and her colleagues are the inventors of six patented safety needle devices.

Click here for PDF of Janine Jagger's bio.

Jane Perry, Associate Director


Jane Perry, M.A., oversees publications and communications for the Center. She served as editor of the Center's journal, Advances in Exposure Prevention, from 1994 to 2005. She has lectured extensively on topics related to needle safety in the U.S., Canada, and other countries. In addition to AEP, she has written for numerous journals and published regular columns on exposure prevention for Nursing and Outpatient Surgery Magazine. She co-authored, with Janine Jagger and colleagues, an article in the New England Journal of Medicine on "Risks to Health-Care Workers in Developing Countries," and a chapter on "Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens: Epidemiology and Prevention" for the 4th edition of Prevention and Control of Nosocomial Infections, edited by Dr. Richard Wenzel. She has also served as an expert witness for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

Ms. Perry received her B.A. from Scripps College and M.A. from the University of Ottawa.

Click here for PDF of Jane Perry's bio.

Ginger Parker, EPINet Program Coordinator


Ginger Parker, M.B.A, oversees the EPINet Sharps Injury and Blood and Body Fluid Exposure Research Database and related EPINet activities. She coordinates communications with the healthcare facilites that participate in the Center's EPINet Research Group, and provides technical assistance to hospitals that use EPINet. During 2000-2001, Ginger spearheaded the development and coordinated the release of EPINet for Access, the most recent and user-friendly version of EPINet. Working closely with programmers, Ginger developed both U.S. and international versions of EPINet for Access and co-wrote the user's manual.

Ginger has also developed versions of EPINet for specialized clinical areas: EPINet for the dialysis setting, released in 2001, and EPINet-OR/Access for surgical settings, released in 2006.

Ginger has worked closely with colleages in Japan, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Uruguay, Belgium, Sweden, Canada, Mexico and many other countries to develop customized versions of the EPINet surveillance program. She lectures and conducts EPINet training nationally and internationally.

Ginger received her B.A. from Clemson University, and her M.B.A. from Auburn University.

Click here for PDF of Ginger Parker's bio.

Elayne K. Phillips, Director of Research 


Dr. Phillips joined the International Healthcare Worker Safety Center in 2003, first as a part-time research consultant and currently as a full-time faculty member. At the Center, areas of special interest include the impact of U.S. legislative and policy mandates on healthcare worker blood exposure risk and needlestick injury rates, for which she received a research grant from NIOSH; occupational exposure risk in African healthcare settings; and the development of low-cost strategies for reducing healthcare worker risk in resource-limited countries.

Dr. Phillips' past research focused on the impact of healthcare legislation on healthcare delivery systems and the health of communities. She was awarded an NIH grant to conduct the first major study examining the shift from U.S. hospital-based to home-based nursing care, and published extensively on this subject.

Dr. Phillips received her B.S.N. from Temple University, and her M.P.H. and Ph.D. from the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health.

Click here for PDF of Elayne Phillips' bio.