Most new diagnoses of diabetes mellitus in childhood are type 1
diabetes mellitus (previously called insulin-dependent or
juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus); however, a growing number of
children are also being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (previously
called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes mellitus).
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by autoimmune destruction of the beta cells in the pancreas, which results in significantly less-than-normal insulin production (the body isn't making enough insulin); type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance (the body's cells can't use insulin properly).
Nutrition goals for our patients with diabetes, as well as their families or caregivers, may include learning about how to:
- Eat a well-balanced diet that is appropriate for children and adolescents
- Count carbohydrates and determine meal-time insulin dosages based on carbohydrate counts
- Maintain or lose weight, as appropriate for the patient's situation
- Safely incorporate physical activity and exercise into daily life
- Read food labels and measure portion sizes
Pediatric Diabetes Clinic:
- Weekly at the Battle Building, refer to www.uvahealth.com
- Satellite clinics are also available in Winchester monthly; schedules for those clinics may be obtained by calling the number above